Unilorin Post Utme Tutorial – Part 1A [English]

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unilorin post utme tutorial 2019

 

Welcome to Unilorin Post utme tutorial part one. We have received requests from most students who are afraid but wants to Score high in Unilorin Post Utme

Take a look at the internet, there is no standard resource online currently that can help students pass unilorin post utme

So our team has decided to roll out this Unilorin Post utme tutorial to help students score high in 2019 post utme exam.

Earlier on, we published a post that talks about the need for connections in order to gain admission into Unilorin

One of the clearest factor outlined was this; Yes, you may need a connection if you don’t have a good performance.

If you feel like learning more on that you can go over to the article i linked above.

What i want to put on the table here is, Unilorin admission first list is obviously based on merits.

In order words scoring high in post utme is highly a must in order to gain admission into Unilorin merit list 

But from what you know, you needn’t any reminder that Unilorin post utme is not quite easy and must not be joked with.

Unilorin post utme cbt
This is why we rolled out this unilorin post utme tutorial to enable you to scale through.

This tutorial comes in four parts.

Unilorin Post Utme tutorial part 1 – English Language section

Unilorin Post Utme tutorial part 2 – Current Affair section

Unilorin Post Utme tutorial part 3 – General Paper Section

Unilorin Post Utme tutorial part 4 – Mathematics section

Before we start, in case you don’t have the syllabus for Unilorin post utme please please get it.

So it will help you keep track and understand this tutorial better because this tutorial is base on Unilorin post utme syllabus.

In this Unilorin post utme tutorial part one we will cover these:

(a) Lexis and Structure

(b) Oral English 

(c) Study/language Strategies 

(d) Comprehension Passages 

(e) Tips on Letter/Essay Writing

 

That is the whole place questions are set from.


The objective of this Tutorial: This tutorial is free and it will cover every aspect from A-z. At the end of this tutorial. You should be able to answer any Unilorin post utme question from “English language”.

Instruction before you start this Unilorin Post Utme Tutorial.

 

  • Bookmark this page in your browser so that you can pause and resume, do not rush lectures
  • Ensure you are in a comfortable environment free from noise and distractions.
  • I love music if you’re like me plug an earpiece in your phone and get some sound.
  • At the end of the post utme tutorial, we will provide a test to ensure you comprehend every detail.
  • We have our contact page at the end of this unilorin post utme tutorial if you have any question, click on it and simply ask a tutor, we answer in less down 30 minutes.

Are you ready? Alright let’s go

Unilorin Post Utme tutorial – Lexis and Structure

 

60% of the questions you will answer in Unilorin post utme comes from lexis and structure mixed with some verbal reasoning (language/study skills).

While the remaining percent belongs to the other sections.

You will have 50 questions in total from all subjects in the Unilorin post utme exam.

A higher percent will be from English at least 30 questions.

60% of these 30 questions as earlier postulated comes from lexis and structure.

Any English language exam cannot be complete without lexis and structure.

So, i am going to give you a comprehensive lesson on this section.

Under the lexis and structure according to the syllabus and what you will get in the exam.

Here are the areas we will cover.

(a)Identifying nouns, verbs, adverbs, and adjectives in sentences.

(b) Identifying adverb Clause/phrases, noun clause/phrase, adjectival clause/phrases in sentences

(c)Sentence Types:
Simple, Compound, Complex, and Compound-Complex

(e) Question Tags

(f) Some misspelled words in English

(e) Antonyms and synonyms

(f) Morphemes/sentence/clause as an individual topic

Brief Overview of what Unilorin post utme lexis and structure is about:

Lexis simply means words study, it deals with the individual words that make up a sentence.

For example:

Simbi Goes to school.

Unilorin post utme cbt

Each part of this sentence is made up of a lexical item otherwise known as a vocabulary item.

So in Unilorin post Utme, the aim of the examiner is to see how good you are in understanding how words are formed or joined in a sentence and what each individual word represent.

Under Lexis, the basic part is to know the meaning of each word in a sentence, the usage, the relationship it has with others and other related concerns.

Lexis being the majority of questions you will get in Unilorin Post Utme is basically the hardest part.

You will have to know some few rules that guide the usage of each and every word in the English Language system.

There are lots of rules. But all thanks to this Unilorin post Utme tutorial.

You will eventually learn the use of some special words in English Language.

For example, The word being and been looks familiar with exact pronunciations.

But these two words are used differently in a sentence, so how to and when to use each of these words all fall under the context Lexis and Structure.

Summary: Let’s take for instance this question from Unilorin post Utme.

The lecturer with his wife ______here.
(A) were     (B) were to be     (C) are     (D) was

The essence of lexis and structure lesson (in this unilorin post utme tutorial) will guide you on which of the words to use for the sentence.

So let me wake you up from your slumber, which of the options do you think will make a fit in this sentence.

The lecturer with his wife ______here.

 were!
were to be!
are!
was!

You needn’t have to answer a question by guessing.

There is a rule to answer this question, that is the essence of this Unilorin post utme tutorial.

Calm down, for now, soon you will understand perfectly.

But the answer to this question is “Was

Strange right?

Your mind could have asked you to choose ‘Were‘ since two persons are involved (plural)

Or maybe ‘are‘ ( verb)

But, that’s not the rule.

Unilorin post utme cbt

In conclusion: The examiner wants to know if truly understand the correct formation of words in a sentence.

That’s okay. Welcome to 2019 Unilorin Post Utme tutorial.

Tutorial Begins.

Identifying nouns, verbs, adverbs, and adjectives in sentences/Verbs Usage

In order to know the exact way to use words in a sentence, you ought to first understand how to identify Noun, pronoun, verb, adverb, adjective, preposition, intervention and conjunctions when used in a sentence.
The major ones among these are nouns, verbs, adverbs, and adjectives.
It’s good to know all, but for the sake of proper time management in this Unilorin Post utme tutorial.
We may have to discuss the major ones only.
But i will only pay attention to verbs because that is where the questions centers on.
The first objective is, you must be able to identify a noun, pronoun and all parts of speech in a sentence.

Noun: Nouns are the fundamental building blocks of sentences

 
It could represent a person, animal, place, idea, emotion – almost anything that you can think of.
 
When you mention a name or a living thing, it’s a noun e.g. John, goat etcetera
When you mention a place, it’s a noun e.g. London, Lagos etcetera
When you mention a thing, it’s a noun e.g. Chair, Broom etcetera
Whatever cannot be seen or touched or a quantity is a noun e.g. measurement, sadness, knowledge, happiness etcetera.
If you do not understand please read over again.

Adverb: An adverb is a word which tells us more things about an action.

It is the word which tells us:
Where, when, why, how, how often and to what degree a verb is performed.
These are classified as Adverbs of manner, frequency, place, degree, and reason.

Adjective: An adjective is a word which tells us the qualities of a noun ( thing, place, person, animal) 

For example:
The man (noun) is handsome.
 
Here, handsome is the adjective.
Those are the most important ones i would brief in this Unilorin post utme tutorial.
You can find more information on these if you wish to go deeper.
So, I want us to base on where post utme questions hang around.
They’re nouns (pronouns), adverbs, adjectives and majorly verbs.
Verb usage is where the majority of the questions are channeled on.

 

So let’s discuss verb Usages.

No sense is complete without a verb, it will obviously be like eating rice without stew.
For an effective means of communication, there has to be an action taken place in the sentence when used to communicate.
See these;
1. In the house
2. That lady in black
3. Everywhere i go
You see, there is no good meaning or normal sense in these sentences, did i communicate anything to you?
How about putting it this way.
1. Dayo is in the house
2. That lady in black goes to the Mosque frequently
3. Everywhere i go, I see pretty ladies.
Now, have i communicated anything to you?
That’s the function of a verb.
It adds a complete sense to a sentence.
Types of Verbs.
1. Lexical verbs ( Real action verbs) E.g. Go, Cook, Run etcetera.
If a lexical verb carries either s, es or ies at the end of it, take note, it is a singular verb and not plural. E.g. Goes (singular)
But if it does not, it’s used in plural sense E.g. Go (plural)
we will discuss this later.
 
2. Modal Auxiliary Verbs.
There are only eight modal auxiliary verbs in English Language that you can well memorize.
They’re :
(a) May ( Past form: Might )
(b) Shall ( Past Form: Should )
(c) Can ( Past Form: Could )
(d) Dare ( Past Form: Dared )
(e) Ought to ( Past Form: had to)
(f) Need ( Past form: Need)
(g) Will ( Past Form: Would)
 
3. Primary Auxilary Verbs:
The following words fall under the class of primary Auxiliary verbs:
Is, Were, Am, Been/Being, Was, are
Is – Singular
are – Plural
was – past form of is (in a singular sense)
were- past tense ( in plural sense)
Am – Yourself
4. Anomalous Verbs :
There are only 3 anomalous verbs in English apart from their past forms which are :
Have, had and has.

RULES TO ANSWER LEXIS AND STRUCTURE QUESTIONS THAT DEALS WITH VERBS.

The purpose of this first section of Unilorin post utme tutorial is to enable you to answer any question on the lexis and structure section.
Knowing these rules will help you a lot.
These rules are constant and work for English language in general and not just for Unilorin post utme.
  So apply them wherever you see them.

RULE 1: You can only use been before have, has and had

E.g.
(i) He has been eating
(ii) They have been waiting.
But for Being, you can only use it before is, was, were, are, am
 

RULE 2: Wherever you find these special terms, please the verb that must follow should be in ‘ing’ form.

They are:

(a) object to
(b) view to
(c) confess to
(d) am limited to
(e) used to
(f) look forward to
(g) accustomed to
(h) admit to
(I) committed to
Notice they all end in to, the verb that must be used after these 8 special terms in English must be an ‘ing’ verb

E.g.

(i) She is used to crying everyday
(ii) John went to Lagos with a view to finding a partner.

Do you understand this? Alright, let’s move on.

RULE 3: When a future time is denoted with the Use of By, + the future time,
Will + have + a past participle verb must be used.

E.g.

(i) By November this year, I will have gained admission into the University of Ilorin.
(ii) By March next year, i will have traveled abroad

RULE 4: You’re only allowed to use a past participle tense after any primary auxiliary verbs ( has/had/have )

 

E.g.

(i) They have stole my phone
do not say “They have steal my phone”
(ii) She has gone to the shop

do not say ” She has go to the shop” – It’s a grammatical blunder.

Special Case: Take note of this, it’s mostly misunderstood.

“They have come ” (correct)

do not say ” They have came with the feeling that came is the past participle.

Came is past tense, not a past participle.

‘Came’ is the simple past tense and should never be used with the auxiliary ‘have’.

‘Come’, even though it looks like the present, is the past participle to be used in the compound tenses.

I hope you understand that.

RULE 5: When you have two clauses in a sentence. The verb in the first clause must be in the tense with the second clause.

Such as:

If i come to your house, i will not eat anything.

If i come to your house = 1st clause

I will not eat anything = 2nd clause.

The rule is, the verb you have in the first clause will determine what you will have in the second clause.

If what you have in the first clause is past tense, the preceding verb in the second clause must be in past form too,  but if clause one is in the present tense clause two must be a present tense too.

RULE 6: Do not use ‘ing‘ with the following verbs. The verbs are called Stative Verbs.

This means that they are not physically demonstrable verbs. An example is understand.

If you “understand” something, it is difficult for another person to see the action of “understand” in your brain.

Unilorin post utme cbt

But if you “walk”, everybody sees
your action.

Walk is physically demonstrable it is a ” dynamic” verb.

Stative verbs are the following.

Verbs relating to feelings:

love, like, adore, hope, hate, detest, abhor, prefer, want, dislike, feel, desire, forgive, mind (do not accept).

Verbs relating to brain action:

know, understand, agree, doubt, recognize, trust, see, remember, recollect, believe, find, hear

Verbs not classified:

Posses, resemble, seem, need, contain, have, matter, suffice, stand, belong, consist.

So this means, it’s grammatically incorrect to say.
I am hearing you.

Instead, you say i can hear you.

Other examples are ;

(i) I am believing you (wrong)
i believe you (correct)
(ii) I am seeing you (wrong)
I can see you (correct)
(iii) I am feeling your love (wrong)
I can feel your love

etcetera.

RULE 7: Never say she is sleeping instead say; She is asleep.

 

Also, never say she has slept off.

Instead, she has gone to bed.

RULE 8: Always use since in a sentence where there is “have” and vice versa.

 

E.g.

I have been talking to her since morning.

RULE 9: The word ‘shall‘ only accepts ‘I’ and ‘We‘.

E.g
(i) I shall come to your house
(ii) We shall be there by 7 pm

never say They shall…..

RULE 10: Always use a past tense with would rather, if there is a subject in the middle only.

E.g.

I would rather she went tomorrow.

She is the subject – so the preceding verb must be in the past tense ( went and not:go )

Look at other examples.

(i) She would rather they knew her name
(ii) They would rather I married Ayo

etcetera.

But if there is no subject after would rather the verb that follows must be in the appropriate form.

E.g.

(i) She would rather run
(ii) I would sleep.

RULE 11: Never use Can with be able to together in a sentence.

E.g
I can be able to answer it (wrong)
I can answer it (correct)

I cannot be able to come today (wrong)
I cannot come today (correct)

RULE 12: In a sentence where; Like, Hate, Help, and Mind is used, the verb that follows must be an ‘ing‘ Verb.

 

E.g.
(a) I Like eating Jollof Rice on Saturday’s.
(b) I can’t help laughing

etcetera.


RULE 13: If an activity is habitual or frequent, use the present tense.

E.g.
James always ———- before he writes his exams.

(a) Pray
(b) Prays
(c) Prayed
(d) Praying

Of course, the answer is B.

Let’s ride on.

RULE 14: When Used to is Used in a sentence, the verb that must follow must be an ‘Ing‘ Verb.

 

E.g. She is used to crying.

RULE 15: When you see the verb Lie, it means falsehood and as well to put oneself in a sleeping position, notice their past forms

 

If you use it as saying the opposite of the truth the past tense and past participle is Lied.

When used as putting oneself in a sleeping position. The past tense is Lay and the past participle is Lain.

However, when a bird produces an egg, the present form is Lay but the past tense and past participle is Laid.

RULE 16: Hang is a verb which means to raise up high and left to dangle. Take note of their past forms.

 

If a human being is involved, the past tense is Hanged, and the past participle is also Hanged.

But if non-living things are involved, hung is past tense and also past participle.

Do not say ” She has hanged her clothes”

That is a grammatical blunder.

You can only say ” She has hung her clothes”

Recall: Clothes is a non-living thing so we use hung.

But if you mean to take the life of a person, hang is used.


RULE 17: When you are given a question where there are two or more persons involved. To determine if the verb to use should be singular or plural, you must look at the subject you have before the dash to in the answer.

Do you remember this question from our opening paragraph?

The lecturer with his wife ______here.
(A) were     (B) were to be     (C) are     (D) was

There are two persons involved.

The first person – The lecturer
Second person – His wife

Initially, we could have said the answer to this is  C (are).

But the rule says the verb to use can only be determined by the subject before the dash.

The subject before the dash is ‘the wife’.

That means the verb that follows must be singular since the wife is a singular subject.

Look at the options, the only singular subject there is “Was

Do you understand?

RULE 18: If you are given a question where there are only Two subjects. If one of the subjects is omitted, use this formula.

 

First, answer the question without using the second subject.

Next, answer the question without using the first subject.

Make sure both make sense, after that, pick what you used in the first and second subject as your answer.

E.g.
She and ——– Will come to your house tomorrow.

(a) Them
(b) They
(c) Their
(d) There

Let’s apply the formula.

The first step, we shall answer the question assuming we don’t have a second subject.

Like this: She will come to your house tomorrow.

That look’s okay.

Next, let’s assume we only have the second subject and we don’t have the first subject.

Let’s try all the options we are given and see the most meaningful one.

Like this:

(a) Them will come to your house tomorrow.
(b) They will come to your house tomorrow.
(c) Their will come to your house tomorrow

(d) There will come to your house tomorrow.

If you read it aloud, only option B sounds correct.

Therefore the final answer is.

She and They will come to your house tomorrow.

See, very simple.

You can use this rule to get both the first and second subject by using the above formula for both subjects.

PS: It only applies if there are two subjects in the sentence.

RULE 19: When you have a plural noun, the verb that follows must be plural.

 

But if you have a plural noun, the verb that follows must be plural as well.

RULE 20: Lexical Verbs having S, es, and ies at the end are denoted as singular. While the one without S, es and ies are plural.

E.g. Goes, talks, cries ( singular)

Go, talk, cry (plural)

Congrats! you have successfully learned the most powerful applicable 20 rules to answer Unilorin post Utme question when it comes to Lexis and structure under English language.

We shall continue this Unilorin post utme tutorial from here next time.

In order Not to Miss any part of this Unilorin post utme tutorial and our future Unilorin admission guides, Subscribe at the end of this Blog.

 

Some Unilorin Past Question to Test the Use of these Rules.

Instructions: Get a sheet of paper and jot down the answer to these questions.

In the end, click Submit answer and fill in your answers in the next page.

Remember to add your email and contact. After submitting your answer. Your score, corrections, and explanation will be delivered to your email.

Ensure you subscribe at the end of this blog first in order for us to track you easily. Good luck!

 

Question 1: 
The school authority and not the student______responsible for the crisis on campus.
(a)are (B) were (C) was (D) is.
Use Rule 17

Question 2: 
If I ___________an elephant I would run!
(a) saw (B) see (C) have seen (D) had seen Use Rule 5

Question 3:
He had gone away before we _______ that the money was missing.
(a) discover (B) had discovered (C) discovered (D) have discovered.
Use Rule 5

Question 4: __________ by the teacher, John did not enter the classroom.
(a) haven been punished
(b)being punished
(c) having been punished
(d) having being punished
Use Rule 1

Question 5:
The woman said she saw the victims ______ from the roof
(a) to have fallen
(b) to be falling
(c) fall
(d) fell
Use Rule 5

Question 6:
She is one of those persons who _____never wrong.
(a) Is (B) are being (C) be (d) are
Use Rule 17

Question 7:Baba and ______participated in the tournament
(a)him (B) his (C) he (D) he’s                          Use Rule 18

Question 8:The man said he has never ______ in his life.
(a) being so (B) so being (C) been so (D) so been
Use Rule 1

Question 9
The new group is committed to _____ for international peace.
(a)work    (B) worked    (C) working      (D) be working
Use Rule 2

Question 10:If I had got a ticket, I ______travelled since yesterday.
(a) would have (B) will (C) should (D) shall
Use Rule 5

Question 11The prize was won by John and ______.
(a) I    (B) me  (C) myself   (D) we
Use Rule 18

Question 12Both Jonathan and ______must rule in 2015.
(a)me    (B) myself  (C) I  (D) us
Use Rule 18

Question 13:It was ______ who saw it.
(a) you and me   (B) you and I    (C) I and you  (D) you and me.
Use Rule 18

Question 14:It was ______ who need to be considered.
(a) them   (B) they    (C) their    (D) theirs
Use Rule 18

Question 15He wanted you and _______
(a) he    (B) I    (C) me    (D) they
Either Joy or you _______wanted.
Is wanting   (B) is     (C) was      (D) are
Use Rule 18

 

 

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Osas Divine
Osas

About Osas Divine

He is a proficient writer and a graduate of the University of Benin. Osas Divine is a well-known student motivator and his mission is to help Nigeria youths and students in Specific. He is the founder of Unilorin helpmate, a brand that focuses on helping students interested in the University of Ilorin. Osas Divine is a full-time blogger and web developer.

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3 thoughts on “Unilorin Post Utme Tutorial – Part 1A [English]”

  1. Unilorin post utme cbt
  2. Sir,in rule 12,you said in a sentence where word like hate,help,like and mind is used,t he verb that follows must be an ing.And you said stative verb should not have ing and I understand that like,help,mind are stative verb.pls sir I don’t understand that part

    1. According to rule 6 Some verbs are not usually used in the continuous form, even when we are talking about temporary situations or states. These are called stative verbs. They do not take ‘ing’.

      E.g Like

      As in: I like this song,

      Not – i am liking this song.

      But in rule 12, the case is different.

      When you use Like, Hate, Help, and Mind, in a sentence.

      The rule does not say you should add “ing” to them as a word e.g “Liking” No….

      The rule says that, the verb that must follow words like those must have ing.

      E.g They like cooking.
      I couldn’t help laughing.

      Etc.

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